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Navigating Partition Lawsuits in Virginia: A Comprehensive Legal Guide


Owning and investing in real estate can be extremely rewarding, but disagreements among co-owners can arise, leading to complex legal disputes. In Virginia, a partition lawsuit provides a legal remedy for co-owners seeking a fair division or sale of jointly-owned property when an amicable resolution is not possible. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of partition lawsuits in Virginia, offering insight into the legal process, relevant laws, and key considerations related to real estate partition matters.

Understanding Partition Lawsuits

A partition lawsuit is a legal action that allows co-owners of a property, such as land, residential homes, or commercial buildings, to request the division or sale of the property in order to resolve disputes and ensure an equitable distribution of assets. While co-ownership can have numerous benefits, including shared responsibilities and costs, disagreements can arise over property management, usage, or financial matters.

Virginia Partition Laws

Virginia Code § 8.01-81 provides the legal framework for partition lawsuits in the state. Under this statute, any co-owner has the right to file a partition lawsuit to request a division or sale of the property. The court has the authority to order either a physical division of the property or its sale, depending on factors such as the nature of the property, its value, and the interests of the co-owners.

Other Key Virginia Code Sections Involving Partition Disputes:

  1. Virginia Code Section 8.01-81.1: This section addresses the valuation process to establish proper value of the real estate subject to the partition.
  2. Virginia Code Section 8.01-83: This section covers the process whereby one owner may seek to obtain ownership of the real estate from the other owner through allotment. If allotment is not feasible, then the party can seek a sale of the property with a division of the net proceeds.
  3. Virginia Code Section 8.01-84: This section outlines the process which allows proceeds to be paid to satisfy any liens on the real estate.

Initiating a Partition Lawsuit

To initiate a partition lawsuit in Virginia, a co-owner must file a complaint in the circuit court of the city or county where the property is located. The complaint should outline the details of the co-ownership, the nature of the dispute, and the requested relief (division or sale). It is important to have the assistance of an experienced Virginia partition attorney to assist in properly drafting and filing the partition complaint.

Key Considerations

  1. Ownership Interests: Co-owners should determine their ownership percentages and contributions to the property.
  2. Valuation of Property: Professional appraisals are crucial for determining an accurate property valuation, especially when seeking a partition by sale.
  3. Legal Costs: Be prepared for legal expenses that will be required to properly file and navigate your partition lawsuit.
  4. Mediation and Settlement: Before pursuing litigation, co-owners should attempt to negotiate with other co-owners of the property to potentially avoid lengthy legal processes.


Partition lawsuits in Virginia provide a legal avenue for co-owners to address disputes over jointly-owned property. It is recommended that you consult with an experienced Virginia real estate lawyer to help you navigate the complexities of partition lawsuits. The legal process is intricate and complex during a partition lawsuit. At McCormick Law & Consulting, we have handled numerous partition lawsuits, seeking either a sale of the property or division in kind. We would be happy to evaluate your case and determine the best path forward for you. Protect your investment and hire the right attorney that cares about you and your future. We will guide you through the process and fight to protect you every step of the way. Contact our office now to speak with a member of our team!